What Does a Motherboard Contain | Best Guide 2022

Overplugged - What Does a Motherboard Contain

A motherboard is the central component of a computer. It is the computer’s” brain,” containing the processor, memory, and other components. 

Further, the device usually has a black or gray plastic case with some front connectors. The main aim of a motherboard is to connect all the various parts of a computer.

All components of a computer are connected via a circuit board. But, it’s the backbone of your computer and the place where you can store a lot of important information.

What Does a Motherboard Contain | Main Parts You Need to Consider

Almost every electronic product contains a motherboard. It connects hardware such as CPU, RAM, GPU, and peripherals. The back panel contains the connectors that connect it to the main board.

Further, motherboards contain various components and sub-assemblies needed to build the motherboard. Yet, various connectors, screws, and metal clips connect the motherboard.

So, if you are also a beginner in the technology field and don’t know the basic details. Then read this article till the end. Then, we will discuss the main parts of the motherboards, and you will be able to find the answers to your queries.

Here are some parts that are present in motherboards:

Processor Socket 

It is the most vital part of the motherboard and handles receiving the central processor unit. Further, it is designed to hold the central processor and has pins connected to the CPU’s internal pins.

Power supply

It is a device that converts the power from the AC to the DC and gives the required voltage to the motherboard.

What Does a Motherboard Contain | Memory?

It is the most vital part of the motherboard. Depending on your PC, you may need more memory. 

Some motherboards have built-in memory and are known as built-in memory boards. It is necessary to purchase other motherboards separately. Standalone memory boards are what we are referring to in this situation.

Overplugged - what is a motherboard


Motherboards have many connectors. But you don’t have to get connected to these connectors directly. Instead, these connectors can combine the components to the motherboard. 

Moreover, these connectors include a power supply, audio, USB ports, Ethernet, PCI-E slots, parallel ports, serial ports, parallel ports, floppy disk, and serial ports.

Main Board 

It is the central part of the motherboard. It connects the various parts and gives an electrical connection.

CPU Socket

This receptacle holds the processor. In order to connect the processor to the motherboard, there is a socket.

Overplugged - 10 parts of motherboard

Memory Slots 

Storage of memory cards takes place in these spaces or openings. In addition, it is connected to the memory cards by inserting them into the slots.

Front Panel 

The section contains the buttons and switches on the front of the motherboard.

Expansion Slots 

The expansion slots are the areas placed on the motherboard’s back. They are often used for external hardware. Like modems, hard drives, optical drives, and other expansion cards.

Motherboard Housing 

The motherboard housing protects the motherboard from environmental damage.

SATA Ports

Connecting hard drives to SATA ports is the purpose of the ports.

Floppy Disk

The motherboard comes with a floppy drive to read the floppy disk.

Overplugged - where is the motherboard located

Serial Port

A serial port is still very much in use. It connects external devices to the motherboard.

Parallel Port

It is an old port that is no longer in use. Yet, you will find some motherboards having a parallel port.

PCI-E Slots

A circuit board usually has PCI-E slots to connect the cards with expansion capability.

USB Ports

The motherboard usually has at least two USB ports to connect the external USB device and the motherboard.

Overplugged - motherboard parts and functions

Audio Output

A motherboard usually has a sound card to make the audio output. The output is either in analog form or digital.


This part of the motherboard handles protecting the other internal components. It also includes the back of the motherboard.

Display Interface

As part of the motherboard, this component connects the computer to the display through a video card.

Storage Interface

It functions as a communication interface allowing the motherboard to communicate with the storage devices.


This part is responsible for housing the motherboard and the other internal components.

DIMM Modules

A DIMM is a dynamic random access memory used to increase the storage capacity of the computer.

Network Cards

The motherboard contains network cards that connect network devices.

VGA Connectors

VGA connectors connect monitors to computers.

Overplugged - types of motherboard

Jumper Pins

There are numerous pins which are called jumper pins. You can use these to switch the function of the motherboard.

Peg Board

The pegs are also known as pin headers. Besides this, these can be used to connect cables or wires to the motherboard.

Disk Drives

These are the devices that are responsible for saving data. There are many disk drives like SSD, hard drives, etc.

Overplugged - motherboard function

Video Card

It is a device that takes digital images and displays them on the monitor. Also, the video card contains integrated graphics. More so, high-performance games need dedicated graphics.

Over to You

Finally, a motherboard is a vital part of a computer. It contains the CPU, memory chips, and other components. Therefore, it is the most vital part of a computer. However, the RAM communicates with the processor through it.


1. What is a motherboard?

It is the motherboard that is the central part of the computer. In other words, it connects everything else.

2. What is the importance of a motherboard?

A motherboard is very important because it controls the power of the system. If you don’t have a motherboard, the power to the system will not work correctly.

3. What is a CPU?

The CPU is the central processing unit. This is the part of the motherboard that controls all the other computer components.

4. What is a PCI slot?

A PCI slot is a place where you can connect a PCI card. For example, sound cards and video cards use PCI cards.

5. What does a motherboard contain?

A motherboard contains all the necessary parts to run a computer.

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